What is Cataract Surgery?

Cataract surgery is a clinical procedure that aims to remove the cloudy film that obstructs normal vision. The surgical process involves replacing the natural lens with artificial one called intraocular lens or IOL. Cataract is different from other eye problems because it cannot be corrected with eyeglasses and contact lenses or even surgical procedures such as LASIK.


Cataract surgery procedure

Cataract surgery can be done in an outpatient clinic without the need to admit the patient overnight in a hospital. Also, the procedure only requires local anaesthesia. The entire surgical process is called phacoemulsification or phaco. This is done by using high frequency ultrasound that breaks the cloudy film on the lens into pieces. The small pieces would then be removed from the eye through suction. The cataract surgery only incurs minimal incision thereby promoting faster recovery and reduction of complications related to the procedure.
When the small pieces of cataract were already suctioned from the cloudy eye, the eye surgeon would insert an artificial lens or IOL behind the iris and pupil where your natural lens is located. After the implantation of the artificial lens, the surgeon will close the incision. There are instances where a stitch is required while there are cases when a stitch is no longer necessary. After the incision is sealed, a protective shield will be placed on the eye to prevent irritation and to aid it to fast recovery.

How much is the cost?

The cataract surgery procedure is clinically proven to be safe and approved by FDA. The procedure, which utilizes laser technology, is relatively new in the medical industry. Because of this, the laser-assisted cataract surgery can be expensive. The difficulty of the eye condition including the type of technology used in the process would determine the total price, not to mention the proficiency of the surgeon.

Pre-operative reparations

Before the cataract surgery is conducted, your ophthalmologist will conduct a thorough examination on your eye. He will check the severity of the condition and will evaluate the risk factors and your overall health form. To determine the exact amount of eye problem, refraction will be conducted prior to the operation. In addition to that, some measurements will also be performed such as the length of your eye and the curvature of your cornea. This is done to aid the surgeon select the amount of power of the IOL in order to restore your perfect vision after the surgical process.
Recovery period
After the cataract surgery is performed, you should have someone to drive you home or assist you since you would not be able to use your eyesight normally right after the operation. While your eyesight is healing, avoid heavy physical activities and lifting heavy objects. Bending exercises is also discouraged as it could stress your eyes. When bathing, keep your eyes closed to avoid possible infection. You should also avoid going to the swimming pools or bath tubs within two weeks. You should also stay in clean environment. Avoid dust and other air pollutants that may irritate your eyes.

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