Laser Eye Surgery Belfast also performs Cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is a clinical procedure that aims to remove the cloudy film that obstructs normal vision. The surgical process involves replacing the natural lens with artificial one called intraocular lens or IOL. Cataract is different from other eye problems because it cannot be corrected with eyeglasses and contact lenses or even surgical procedures such as LASIK.
What Is Laser Eye Surgery Belfast?
Laser eye surgery is a general term for surgical procedures conducted to correct errors in eye refraction or how the eye focuses light. The surgical process uses an excimer or a special laser to correct the shape of the cornea. The process of laser surgery can vary in terms of procedure, recovery time, the type of surgical instrument used and your patient’s qualifications. There are 4 types of laser eye surgical procedures. After a thorough check up, the ophthalmologist will determine which of the eye procedures is most suitable for you. The 4 types of laser eye surgical processes are as follows:
Among the 4 laser eye surgical procedures, LASIK is the most common. The operation is conducted by the surgeon creating a thin flap in the cornea using a surgical blade. When the flap is created, the laser will then reshape the cornea to rectify the refractive error. Most surgeons prefer LASIK because it is precise and accurate with few known complications. There are two types of LASIK procedure, the all-laser and the one which uses blade.
The second most popular type of laser surgery is PRK. It is conducted by removing a part of the corneal surface or the epithelial tissue. When the corneal surface is removed, the cornea would then be reshaped using laser or excimer. Some individuals are suitable for this type of procedure especially those with thin cornea or those who are not comfortable with the idea that their cornea would be flapped. The removed corneal tissue will grow back. However, the recovery period is longer than LASIK.
LASEK is done by applying alcohol to the corneal epithelium which softens the outer layer of corneal cells. This makes it easy for a surgeon to remove the corneal cells for the laser surgery process which involves reshaping of stroma using the excimer. The procedure also involves replacing the corneal cells and applying contact lens for the patient’s recovery. LASEK is suitable for those with thin corneas.
This surgical eye procedure is similar to LASIK in a way that the procedure involves creating a flap, only that the flap is thinner and it is only made of epithelial tissue. The created flap would be moved aside to make way for the reshaping of the stroma through the use of excimer laser. After the corrective measure, the epithelium is replaced and would be covered with contact lens bandage for healing. Some individuals and even surgeons prefer this type of laser surgery procedure because it doesn’t involve alcohol and the flap is only created on a superficial layer.
Where does laser eye surgery come from?
Laser eye surgery started when the excimer laser was discovered in 1980s. When the researchers found out that the laser can incise fine tissues without incurring a scar on the subject, ophthalmologists got interested with it and were further developed overtime.
Who does laser eye surgery in Belfast?
Laser Eye Surgery Belfast is conducted by trained professionals, specifically the eye surgeons or ophthalmologists. They are also the ones who determine which laser eye procedure is most suitable for you considering your age, condition and other related factors.
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